The oldest known human settlement in the world

The oldest known human settlement in the world is located in Catalhöyük, dating to 6500 B.C.  The world’s first landscape painting was found on the wall of a Catalhöyük house, illustrating the volcanic eruption of nearby Hasandag.

The first coins ever minted were produced at Sardis, the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia, at the end of the seventh century B.C.

Two of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World stood in Turkey — the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, Bodrum.

Anatolia, the Asian portion of Turkey, is the birthplace of many historic figures and legends, such as the poet Homer, King Midas, Herodotus (the father of history) and St. Paul the Apostle.